|1900 to 1950
Germany, France, England, etc
||Rest of World|
including United States, Middle East, etc.
What was "high tech" at the time?
The European imperialist powers prepare for a major war
1900 Lenin creates Iskra to unite scattered underground Marxist groups
1902 Russian Social-Democratic Labor Party
splits into two trends, known as
the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks
1905 Workers' uprisings in Moscow and other Russian cities.
It is eventually defeated.
1900-01 "Boxer Rebellion", a movement against the foreign control of China,
is crushed by Japanese, Russian, French, German, British and US imperialism
1898-1910 US seizes Philippines, kills between
600,000 and a
U.S. General Shefter:
"It may be necessary to kill half of the Filipinos in order that
the remaining half of the population may be advanced to a higher plane of life
than their present semi-barbarous state affords."
1903 first airplane
E = MC2
1908 Haber process creates ammonia from nitrogen in atmosphere,
making possible both artificial fertilizer and explosives in vast quantities
1908 Henry Ford uses "assembly line" to produce automobiles
The great betrayal --
nearly all parties of the 2nd International solemnly declare "In the
hour of danger we will not leave our fatherland unprotected" and vote for
war credits--thereby putting their stamp of approval on the mutual slaughter
of worker by worker known as the first World War
Feb 1917 - Tzar overthrown
Oct 1917 - Bolsheviks seize power
Summer 1918 - civil war unfolds, the former ruling class and landlords
(supported by the armies of 14 imperialist powers) attempt to crush the Bolshevik revolution
Oct 1919 -
(the "Communist International", or CI) founded by Lenin.
1911 Manchu dynasty collapses, China ruled by warlords and foreign powers
1919 May 4th movement. Massive student demonstrations
in Tiananmen Square against the Beijing government and Japan
|rest of world
1890 thru 1930's US military intervention
more or less continuous
in Latin America and Carribean (Argentina, Chile, Haiti, Nicaragua, Panama, Cuba, Puerto Rico,
Honduras, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador)
and Asia/Pacific (Philippines, China, Korea, Hawaii, Samoa, Guam)
and elsewhere (Russia, Yugoslavia, Turkey)
1911 Structure of atom determined
1911 Charge of electron measured
1910's Theory of continental drift proposed (and ridiculed)
1910's Motion pictures become popular
1916 Quick-freezing of food developed (an improvement over canning)
1918 Size of the Milky Way (ie: our galaxy) is measured
1922 Mussolini's "March on Rome", fascism begins in Europe
Winter 1920-21 - Bolsheviks win complete victory in civil war, but the economy is ruined
Spring 1921 - faced with widespread unrest and many armed rebellions,
the Bolsheviks are forced to crush all opposition and
severely limit democratic rights.
If they had not done this they would have certainly been shoved aside and a "normal"
bourgeois-landlord government would have returned to power.
The repressive measures were intended to be temporary, emergency measures
but (as we shall see) became permanent.
During this period famine (and diseases like typhoid that become epidemic during famine)
kill an estimated twenty million people.
Spring 1922 - In his last major address to the party, Lenin warns the
11th congress that "History knows all sorts of metamorphoses"
and that "the real and main danger"
was that the party might degenerate along bourgeois lines but retain
"communist flags inscribed with catchwords stuck all over the place".
Shortly thereafter Lenin is incapacitated by a series
of strokes. Lenin's political life will be over in a year.
The eventual restoration of democratic rights
that are essential for a socialist society never took place because
by the time the economy had been restored (a necessary condition for democratic rights)
the party has degenerated.
Late 1920's - Stalin consolidates his power, Trotsky is exiled.
This is probably also the period in which the counter-revolution is consolidated.
By this time "Marxism-Leninism"
has been turned into the opposite
of everything for which Marx and Lenin struggled;
transformed into a state religion
used to justify the permanent suppression of the independent political voice and independent
political life of the working class.
1921 Chinese Communist Party founded
1927 Chiang Kai-shek massacres thousands of communists
in Shanghai with whom he had been allied.
Communists then set up soviets in distant Jiangxi and other rural bases
and soon control areas with a population of 50 million
|rest of world
1929 Depression in US spreads to the rest of the world (except Soviet Union)
1920 First radio broadcasting station
1920's Electricty becomes widespread
1920's Telephone becomes widespread
1933 Hitler appointed to power by Hindenburg, communists are suppressed,
no more free elections.
Western imperialist powers arm and finance Hitler, whom they see as
the surgeon who can excise the Bolshevik cancer.
For the same reason they follow the so-called policy of "appeasement"
(ie: let Hitler grab territory as his "down payment" for his eventual invasion of the Soviet Union)
1935 Hoping to persuade the Western imperialist powers to put a leash on Hitler
(whom they have armed and financed),
Stalin orchestrates the liquidation of the revolutionary character of communist parties
worldwide at 7th Congress of the CI (ie: the Dimitrov "United Front Against Fascism" congress)
1936-37 The Great Purges
1939 Stalin outmanuevers Western imperialist powers
by signing non-agression pack with Hitler.
Hitler invades Poland, Russia gains two more precious years to prepare for the inevitable Nazi invasion
1933-4 Chiang Kai-shek encircles Jiangxi. In various sieges,
up to a million people die in the fighting and of starvation and disease brought on by the blockade.
After suffering many defeats, Chiang Kai-shek, with help from one of Hitler's best generals,
begins to close the noose
Oct '34- Oct '35
The Long March:
86,000 Red Army soldiers escape encirclement at Jiangxi and other bases.
After marching 6,000 miles over 24 rivers, 18 mountain ranges and vast swamps
8,000 survivors reach base near Yenan
1937 Japan invades China, massacres quarter million civilians in "Rape of Nanking"
|rest of world
1935--U.S. Following the signal from the 7th CI, CPUSA begins historic degeneration,
liquidates its independent work and tails Roosevelt
1930's Radio becomes widespread
1945 Germany and Europe (and Korea)
are split between Russia and the Western imperialist powers.
These become boundaries during "the cold war"
June '41 Hitler invades Russia
Nov '42 - Jan '43 Nazi army has back broken at Stalingrad
Apr '45 Russian forces reach Berlin--but
by this time German fascism has killed 30 million Russians
1940 Japan launched a military campaign named by the Chinese
"Kill all, Burn all, Loot all". Estimates of deaths range between twenty and
1949 Mao's forces win total victory. Chiang Kai-shek
retreats to Taiwan where he is protected by the U.S. navy.
|rest of world
1945 US uses nuclear weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in order
to demonstrate its power and intimidate its Soviet rival for world hedgemony
1947 India and Pakistan gain independence from Britain.
Huge massacres are carried out during the partition as Hindus and Muslims
are incited to attack one another.
10 million people are forced to flee from one country to the other.
Up to one million are killed.
1948 Israel created with help from world imperialism
as a colonial-style outpost in the strategic oil-rich part of the world.
800,000 Palestinians are forced to flee by guns and terror
in what has become known as the nakba (ie: "catastrophe").
They are never allowed to return to their homes.
1944 rockets and jet planes
1945 nuclear weapons
1947 invention of transistor